أهلا بكم في موقع الشيخ الأكبر محي الدين ابن العربي !
On Wahdat-ul Wujûd
by Omar K Neusser
Then it can be seen that from our human perspective we are held to affirm:
1.) on the one hand the absolute unlikeliness of Allah with anything created, called tanzîh or transcendance of God, (in Western metaphysics, where tanzîh is not as clear and consistent as in Islam, it gave rise to serious misconceptions) and
2.) on the other hand the likeness of Allah with creation, tashbîh. I.e. creation is manifestation, it is the "place of the Theophany"** where Allah makes Himself be known: as Allah says in a hadith qudsî:
So concerning imân and `ilm one has to observe those two aspects of tanzîh and tashbîh and it is not possible to prefer the one aspect over the other when referring to Allah in His Divine function (al-Ulûhiyyah).
It seems that Shaykh Muhyi-Dîn Ibn `Arabi never used the notion of 'wahdat-ul wujûd' (oneness of being or existence) himself, it was used by those who came after him, f ex Al-Kashâni. The concept can be ambiguous, and therefore misleading. Instead Shaykh Muhyi-Dîn Ibn `Arabi used the notion of “`ain al-wujûd” (essence of existence). As it is these are all different terms of one reality, and it is our duty as muslims to realize the meaning of it, so as not to fall from the straight path of tawhîd .
So wahdat-ul wujûd is really `ain al wujûd, and it is formalized in the first part of the shahâdah, which states that in essence nothing really exists except the Real (Allah), because everything else has only a limited, defined, metaphorical*, borrowed wujûd.