Who is the greatest Sheikh Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-Arabi
The greatest sheikh, Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-Arabi, is Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abdullah al-Hatami al-Tai, born Abdullah bin Hatem, brother of the great companion Uday bin Hatem, nicknamed Muhyi al-Din, and nicknamed Abu Abdullah and Abu Bakr. He is known as Al-Hatimi or Al-Ta’i and Ibn Arabi, and in Morocco as Ibn Al-Arabi And in Andalusia, Ibn Suraqa, and he is also called the Sultan of the Knowing, the Imam of the Pious, and others Titles of reverence and honor that befit him.
The greatest Sheikh Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-Arabi was born on Monday night, the seventeenth of Ramadan In the year 560 AH (July 26, 1165 AD) in the city of Murcia, east of Andalusia, then he moved He went to Seville in the year 568/1172 and stayed there for about twenty years, during which he went to Morocco and Tunisia. Several times, he resided there for intermittent periods, then traveled to the East for Hajj in the year 598/1201 and did not return. Then to Andalusia. In the East, he stayed in Egypt for a short period, then entered Mecca and devoted himself to worship And teaching in the Sacred Mosque, where God bestowed upon him noble secrets and knowledge that he deposited in me His book known as the Meccan conquests. Then he traveled to Iraq, entered Baghdad and Mosul, and met With its men, then he, may God be pleased with him, toured the Roman lands and lived there for a while, and he had a high status with Its Muslim king was Kikaus. After that, the Sheikh made many trips between Iraq, Egypt and Syria And Palestine until he settled in Damascus in the year 620/1223 until he passed away on the night of the twenty-second. From the month of Rabi’ al-Thani in the year 638 AH (9/11/1240 AD) and he was buried at the foot of Mount Qasioun, which is now called The area where there is a shrine in his name (Sheikh Mohiuddin), where his grave is located at the end of the mosque It was built by Sultan Selim when he conquered Damascus in the year 922/1516. May God have mercy on him, he left behind two sons, Saad al-Din Muhammad and Imad al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad.
Sheikh Al-Akbar Muhyiddin Ibn Al-Arabi excelled in the science of Sufism and wrote hundreds of books in it The number of letters exceeded five hundred books, according to Abd al-Rahman Jami, the author of the book “Nafhat Al-Ans. One of these works, the most important of which is the book “Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya,” which is truly the most important A book in Islamic history, but one of the most important books in human history. Also among his writings The book “Interpretation of the Qur’an” in which the author of the book Fatwat Al-Wafait says that it reaches ninety-five Perhaps this is the great book of interpretation in which he reached Surah Al-Kahf at the verse: “And We taught him knowledge from Us,” then he died before completing it. It also has: “Clobes of Wisdom,” which He says in his introduction that he saw the Messenger Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, in a dream and gave him a book He told him to take it out for people to benefit from it, so he took it out as it is, without addition or subtraction. And him too Among the books: “The Lecture of the Righteous,” “Insha’a al-Da’arat,” “Uqla al-Mustafuz,” “Anqa’ Maghrib fi Sifa.” The Seal of the Saints and the Sun of Morocco,” “Interpreter of Longings,” “Divine Provisions for Reforming the Kingdom.” Humanity”, “The positions of the stars and the risings of the crescent moon, Secrets of Science”, “Collecting and detailing facts Download, “The Quoted Ember and the Stealing Danger,” “Revealing the Meaning in the Interpretation of Names The Most Beautiful,” “Divine Knowledge,” “The Journey to the Captive Place,” “Scenes of the Holy Secrets And the revelations of divine lights,” “civil conquests,” “sacred hadiths,” and many others Of small messages. Dr. Othman Yahya, may God have mercy on him, has written a valuable book about The works of Sheikh al-Akbar, named: The works of Ibn al-Arabi, their history and classification, and it is in the language French, then translated by Dr. Ahmed Al-Tibi into Arabic and published in 2001 Egyptian General Book Authority. We will mention it at the end of this book, God willing, as an appendix On the names of the books of Sheikh Al-Akbar, may God be pleased with him.
Specialized writers and researchers have unanimously agreed that the greatest Sheikh Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-Arabi was not He was an ordinary author like other authors. Rather, he was distinguished from others by quantity and quality. He himself confirms that he does not follow the course of authors who write from thought and deliberation, but rather from everything He writes it under the inspiration of God Almighty, as we will see. Brockelmann described it as one of the most fertile The most intelligent and imaginative authors.
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